Sweet cherry https://greenelly.com/ is one of the oldest cultivated forms of the cherry subgenus. It is believed that cherries were known to man already 10 thousand years ago in Anatolia (a province of the Ottoman Empire), as well as in Central and Northern Europe. This plant was brought to Rome from the town of Kerasunt in the territory of modern Turkey, which is where its name came from – “kerasunt fruit” or “cerasi” in Latin. Later, this word became “cherry” in English, “cereza” in Spanish, “kirsche” in German and “cherry” in Ukrainian. In the scientific classification, the cherry is called “Prunus avium”, which means “bird cherry”, since birds love to eat its fruits.
Cherry began to spread in Russia from the end of the 19th century thanks to the work of the Russian breeder Klym Timiryazev, who developed many varieties of this plant adapted to different climatic conditions. Today, cherries are grown all over the world and are one of the most popular berries.